Type 1 diabetes is a form of diabetes which is one of very severe form of diabetes, wherein patients body do not produce insulin, or if at all it do is in very low amount. Insulin is the hormone responsible for mobilisation of blood glucose into body tissue. Type 1 Diabetes require timely diagnosis of type of diabetes and timely treatment with subcutaneous human Insulin injection. If this is delayed patients blood glucose goes on higher side and if left untreated, over period of time can cause heart problem, kidney failure, glaucoma and so on. This situation is worst in event type 1 diabetes is left undiagnosed.
Now a new test for diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes is available which detect autoimmune antibody responsible for destruction of cells producing insulin.
ZnT8Ab antibodies (zinc transporter 8 autoantibody) are detected by ELISA technique, and type 1 diagnosis is confirmed by presence of ZnT8Ab antibodies.